Mission d’évaluation de la politique de démocratie participative à Colombes

Mission d’évaluation de la politique de démocratie participative à Colombes

La Direction de l’Habitat, la Politique de la ville et la Citoyenneté de la Ville de Colombes a sollicité Open Source Politics fin 2020 pour une mission d’accompagnement de leur politique de démocratie participative.

Présentation de la mission d’évaluation de la démocratie participative de Colombes par Open Source Politics

Cette mission se compose de plusieurs volets. Open Source Politics a en premier lieu déployé une plateforme Decidim de démocratie participative. Nous avons ensuite accompagné la ville dans l’organisation du premier budget participatif sur la plateforme. Troisièmement, nous avons rédigé un rapport d’analyse du dispositif de démocratie locale comprenant des recommandations structurées pour le futur Dans ce but, l’équipe d’Open Source Politics a analysé les dispositifs de démocratie participative passés et présents, afin d’en tirer des recommandations structurées pour le futur.

Histoire de la démocratie participative de la ville de Colombes

Colombes est l’une des plus grandes communes du département des Hauts-de-Seine en région Île-de-France. Composée de 86 052 habitant·es, la ville rayonne ainsi sur l’ensemble du bassin francilien. En matière de participation citoyenne, une politique a été initiée dès les années 2000. D’une part, la ville de Colombes a instauré des conseils de quartier et le recueil de « diagnostic partagés » ainsi que l’organisation de balades urbaines. D’autre part, cette politique s’est accélérée avec le lancement du budget participatif en mars 2021.

La ville de Colombes a créé de nombreuses instances participatives dans le but de susciter la participation citoyenne. Il convient de citer à ce sujet les Conseils de quartier à Colombes, les Conseils citoyens, le Conseil communal des jeunes, le Conseil de Sages et l’Agora.

Les neufs conseils de quartier

Les conseils de quartier sont composés d’un bureau dont les membres sont élus pour un mandat de trois ans, par tirage au sort parmi les habitants qui se sont portés volontaires. Les conseils de quartier comprennent à ce jour trois collèges. Premièrement, le Collège des habitants se compose 14 membres. Deuxièmement, le Collège des associations se compose 5 représentants, dont 2 réservés aux associations des parents d’élèves. Il faut qu’elles justifient ainsi d’une implantation sur le quartier en question. Enfin, le Collège des élus est présidé par le Maire, vice-présidé par l’élu à la Démocratie locale et avec deux élus référents de la majorité et un élu référent de l’opposition

Les Conseils citoyens

Les Conseils citoyens font partie intégrante de la Politique de la ville. Il s’agit notamment d’instances de concertation qui existent dans les quartiers prioritaires de la politique de la ville, par impératif réglementaire. L’Etat réglemente effectivement leur composition et leur fonctionnement.

Conseil communal

Le Conseil communal des jeunes se compose de 35 jeunes d’entre 11 et 15 ans élus par les élèves des collèges de la ville. Il est à noter que l’élection se fait par binômes paritaires pour des mandats de deux ans.

Conseil de Sages

Le Conseil de Sages est une instance de participation citoyenne composée de Colombien·nes retraité·es. Il se réunit en séance plénière pour émettre des avis sur les sujets concernant l’ensemble des citoyen·nes.

L’Agora

L’Agora est “un lieu de consultation et d’émergence de projets citoyens” avec deux missions. D’une part, elle est l’instance centralisatrice des sujets de discussion au niveau de toute la ville. D’autre part, l’Agora sera l’outil de réalisation des états généraux ou assises que les différents services (Culture, Jeunesse, Sports).

Le lancement de l’Agora aura lieu quand l’actuelle situation de pandémie le permettra.

Le budget participatif à Colombes

Lancé en mars 2021, le budget participatif de Colombes donne “la possibilité aux habitants de Colombes âgés de 16 ans et plus, […], de proposer des projets d’intérêt général”. Les habitants ont à leur disposition une enveloppe d’investissement d’un million d’euros, dont 90 000 euros maximum pour chaque projet lié à un quartier, et 90 000 euros s’il concerne toute la ville.

Comment Open Source Politics a analysé la politique de démocratie participative de Colombes ?

Pour commencer, nous avons réalisé plusieurs entretiens avec des élus de l’actuelle mandature, des responsables passés et actuels de la démocratie locale, des responsables d’autres services de la Mairie et de personnes qui ont participé au dispositif de démocratie participative jusqu’en 2020. De plus, les personnes interviewées étaient informées que leurs réponses seraient anonymisées afin de libérer leur parole. Enfin, un travail de recherche dans les archives et un recours à la presse généraliste a permis de retracer l’historique de la participation citoyenne à Colombes. Ce travail historique a permis de retracer des initiatives citoyennes (balades urbaines, plan de circulation) parfois oubliées et de faire le lien avec l’évolution de la politique de démocratie participative.

Ce travail d’analyse a abouti sur la formulation de recommandations pour améliorer les dispositifs participatifs. Un schéma de démocratie locale a été élaborer pour synthétiser l’articulation entre les différentes démarches participatives.

L’organisation de la démocratie locale à Colombes

Le rôle d’Open Source Politics

L’équipe d’Open Source Politics se réjouit d’avoir contribué à ce travail inédit. Plusieurs chercheurs en sciences sociales ont été sollicités pour mener à bien ce travail. Notre objectif est de garantir la réussite d’une démarche participative. Dans ce but, nous avons développé une offre de services complète autour de Decidim. Pour plus d’informations sur Open Source Politics, vous pouvez prendre rendez-vous sur ce lien.

6th National Meeting of Participatory Budgets in Angers

6th National Meeting of Participatory Budgets in Angers

The 6th National Meeting on Participatory Budgets was held on 8 and 9 November 2021 in Angers. This event was punctuated by numerous conferences and workshops on the challenges of participatory budgeting as well as the creation of a national network of participatory budgets (RNBP).

Discovering the achievements of the Angevin participatory budget

The first workshops enabled participants (elected representatives, agents, residents and service providers) to discover the achievements of the different editions of the Angevin participatory budget. We then went to meet the project leaders to better understand the process of a winning project. The diversity of the projects presented gave an idea of the inventiveness of the inhabitants of a commune: an anti-waste tent, collective urban composters, traps for Asian hornets lent to beekeepers and inhabitants, a solidarity café, etc.

Open Source Politics has been supporting the city of Angers on its participatory budget since 2018. 

Ways to renew participatory budgets

The event was punctuated by workshops and conferences between elected officials, public agents and civil society on the challenges of participatory budgets. The various stakeholders addressed the current problems of participatory budgets: the participation rate, representativeness in participatory bodies, inclusiveness, and the ecological transition. A summary of this work will be published in early 2022.

Finally, the 6th National Meeting on Participatory Budgets was a founding moment of the National Network of Participatory Budgets (NNBP). At the initiative of several cities, a first draft of the statutes was drawn up and debated before the audience present. The constitutive general assembly of the RNBP will be held in the first quarter of 2022. The network is open to all local authorities wishing to take part in it, regardless of the implementation of a participatory budget.

Open Source Politics warmly thanks the city of Angers for this privileged moment between actors of participatory democracy!

PSO newsletter
Sales assistant

Sales assistant

Are you looking for a meaningful work experience that will have an impact on our democracy? The Open Source Politics team welcomes you for an internship or a work-study in contact with the most innovative approaches to citizen participation.

Presentation of the company

Open Source Politics is a key player in the fast-growing civic tech sector, a field focused on putting technological innovation to work for civil society. Specialists in participatory democracy, we support large institutions and private actors in their consultation processes, internally or externally, and at all levels, from the commune of 10,000 inhabitants to the European Union. 

With our partners in France and abroad, we defend a modern vision of participatory democracy thanks to new digital tools based on transparency, collaboration, privacy and accessibility. This vision, as well as our experience acquired on more than a hundred projects, allows us to work today with multiple actors such as the European Commission within the framework of the Conference on the Future of Europe, the French Senate and National Assembly, several cities such as Lille, Bordeaux or New York, NGOs such as the Red Cross or Greenpeace, as well as numerous local authorities in France and abroad. 

Your mission: To assist the Open Source Politics sales team in managing the strong growth and new opportunities the company is experiencing. 

As part of a team of 27 people and in close contact with our numerous partners, you will be responsible for assisting the sales team of 3 people in various tasks.

You will be responsible for :

  • Assisting the sales team in commercial prospecting in France and abroad
  • Actively contribute to the drafting of tender documents
  • Monitoring of participatory democracy in France and abroad, competitive intelligence 
  • Monitoring of new tenders in the sector in France 
  • Write strategic notes on potential or new clients as well as reports following the various exchanges (presentation of needs, negotiations, various meetings with institutions, etc.) 
  • Facilitate public actors by developing a thorough knowledge of the subsidy systems (France Relance, Banque des Territoires, Invest EU, European funding, etc.) 
  • Set up market analyses and maps of the players in the sector. 
  • Identify and potentially participate in interesting public events and maintain a proactive view of company news
  • Administrative management (assistance in drawing up quotations, delivery notes and invoices)

Profile required

You are a good listener and curious. Your main qualities are benevolence, rigour and an interest in issues relating to democracy in general. You are also :

  • You are organised, and you are not afraid of the administrative rigour and width of the files to be produced. 
  • You have the ability to work in a multidisciplinary team and to communicate well
  • You have a good sense of strategy and are able to organize your time and research and have a plan of action for the day-to-day and long-term. 
  • You will need to be able to work in a team environment and be able to work in an environment that is conducive to the development of the business. 

Practice  

Duration: 6 months to 1 year Availability: as soon as possible 

Statutory remuneration + 50% of the transport ticket 

Possibility of employment or freelance assignments at the end of the internship/apprenticeship 

The recruitment process at Open Source Politics

The recruitment phase includes two interviews and a technical test.

  1. As soon as you apply, we will contact you by phone to arrange your first interview
  2. During the first interview you will meet the members of the sales team. We will also describe the technical test to be carried out before the possible second interview.
  3. The second interview will allow other members of Open Source Politics (advisory and technical teams) to get to know you and validate your recruitment.
The participatory platform of the Green primary!

The participatory platform of the Green primary!

While only 16% of French people trust political parties according to Cevipof, several environmental parties have come together to collect citizens' proposals on a participatory platform to be launched in May 2021. This article describes the context of the process and the organisation of the platform of the Green primary.

Organisation of the citizens' consultation ahead of the Green primary
Organisation of the citizens' consultation ahead of the Green primary

A participatory platform launched by five political parties!

One of the particularities of the participatory platform is its governance. Indeed, five political movements have joined together in an " ecologist pole " in order to jointly nominate a candidate for the 2022 presidential election. The political movements of the Green primary are

  • Europe Ecologie-Les Verts (EELV)
  • Ecology course
  • Generation.s
  • Generation Ecology
  • Progressive Movement
The five movements of the Green primary
The five movements of the Green primary

Registration for the Green primary is open to the general public

The purpose of the common participatory platform is to collect citizens' proposals before the co-construction phase of the legislative and presidential programme. The contributions submitted will thus feed the common programme of the alliance of ecological movements for the next elections.

Open to the public without restriction of age, location or political opinion, the aim of the platform is to collect and prioritise citizens' proposals. To this end, registration to the platform only requires to indicate :

  • its name
  • a nickname on the platform
  • its email address
  • a password
  • In addition, there are 4 optional registration fields for a possible analysis of the participants at the end of the process.
  • Finally, the charter of values and principles "For Ecology in 2022" must be accepted to validate its registration.

The architecture of the participatory platform of the Green primary

As with the Citizens' Climate Convention platform, the Green platform is broken down into 6 themes. The themes are :

  • Education and sharing cultures
  • Social justice and economics for the climate
  • Equality for all
  • Living free and safe in France, Europe and the world
  • The Republic everywhere and for everyone: organising the real sharing of powers
  • Caring for the living

Each theme has specific sub-themes or categories. For example, the theme "Education and shared cultures" has 5 categories. This stratification makes it possible to order the discussions and to better process the citizens' contributions at the end of the submission phase.

Categories on the Green primary platform
Categories on the Green primary platform

Each of the 6 themes has two Proposal modules and an information page. First, the first module "Initial proposals" is the place where all citizen contributions can be submitted. All you have to do is to indicate a title, describe the contribution in the body and put it in one of the categories of the theme to publish the proposal on the platform. The support and comment functions have been activated for better interactivity.

Then, in the second module 'Proposals to be prioritised', users were invited to support the official proposals of the Green Pole. This module allows for the prioritisation of contributions.

Finally, the last module contains the contributions of the different committees and elected representatives of the five green political movements.

A common project and programme

With more than 11,000 participants, 23,000 votes, 1,400 proposals and 2,500 comments, the process of co-construction of the common project was a real success.

The summer university of the ecologists has allowed the restitution of the citizens' and official contributions deposited on the platform. Several debates were organised so that the ecologist project could be adopted by the candidates in the ecological primary held from 19 to 28 September. Thus, the "ecological pole" will soon have not only a candidate but also a common program. TheOpen Source Politics team is happy to have accompanied and deployed this project of co-construction of a common program to several political movements.

Case study of the first participatory budget in Fleury-les-Aubrais

Case study of the first participatory budget in Fleury-les-Aubrais

Located in the Loiret department on the outskirts of Orléans, the commune of Fleury-les-Aubrais launched its citizen participation platform on 20 November 2020. The departments of the Fleury-les-Aubrais town hall invited the 21,000 Fleuryssoises and Fleuryssois to submit and vote on ideas for the town's first participatory budget.

Home page of the Fleury-les-Aubrais participatory platform

A successful participatory budget!

Despite the uncertain health situation, the Fleury-les-Aubrais town council has launched its first participatory budget with a budget of €100,000. The ideas submitted on the platform must constitute new projects implemented in public spaces and accessible to the public on the territory of the municipality. All residents of the municipality over the age of 16 can submit their ideas and vote for the projects.

How to submit an idea on the participatory budget platform?

To register for the platform, simply insert :

  • its name
  • a nickname on the platform
  • e-mail address
  • the password

Help texts are inserted in the submission form to facilitate the submission of ideas. The user simply has to describe his or her idea, choose a title and enter the idea in one of the categories of the participatory budget (sport, culture, leisure, ecology, parking and safety). Each idea may not exceed 1500 characters. However, it is possible to insert documentation in docx or odt format or images and videos. Finally, users can submit up to 5 ideas and vote for up to 3 projects.

Proposals from the Fleury-les-Aubrais participatory platform

The results of the Fleury-les-Aubrais participatory budget

In total, more than 90 ideas were submitted on the platform. Following a feasibility study of each idea, 32 projects were submitted to the vote of the residents of Fleury-les-Aubrais for one month. The voting phase finally selected 11 projects. Although the public meetings had to be cancelled due to the health situation, the participatory budget platform gathered 600 participants and 1800 votes.

This very satisfactory result was achieved in particular thanks to the work carried out in the Les Jacobins and René-Guy-Cadou libraries as well as in the neighbourhood centres so that the reception staff of each establishment are able to mediate on the platform.

How to follow the evolution of the projects selected on Decidim?

From the outset, the Fleury-les-Aubrais public services wanted to make the participatory budget platform a long-term project. The periodicity of the participatory budget will be two years. In addition, the participatory platform will allow the people of Fleury-les-Aubrais to be directly informed of the progress of each project.

Overall monitoring of the progress of the Fleury-les-Aubrais participatory budget
Monitoring a project on the platform

Indeed, the Follow-up module of Decidim allows to follow the progress of the achievements of a participatory budget. It is sufficient to indicate the description of the stages of realisation, by linking the initial idea and the project submitted to the vote. The services can also attach images to prove the progress of the work. This feature ensures the transparency of projects, as in the case of thedevelopment of the exterior of the Jacobins swimming pool.

The public officials of Fleury-les-Aubrais are now almost autonomous in the administration of the participatory budget on Decidim. The teams in charge of the administration of the platform have been trained in Decidim.Open Source Politics ' consultants assisted the city council in the deployment of the platform. Open Source Politics is therefore pleased to provide very specific advice to the agents in charge of the platform, which has become a digital commons for the municipality of Fleury-les-Aubrais.

Decidim is a modular software that can be adapted to many needs. We have documented several emblematic use cases of Decidim in France in these blog posts:

For more information about our support, you can make an appointment via this link!

decidim budget participatif

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